Each and every expecting mom wishes to have a healthy pregnancy. Yet, because of some critical situations, miscarriage might occur during the initial stages of pregnancy. This loss of pregnancy might occur due to many reasons, which are not in your hands. What are the major causes of miscarriage in women? Regrettably, this question doesn’t have a single answer, and there might be numerous reasons why the baby doesn’t survive in the mother’s womb. Most of the pregnant women avoid certain foods, thinking that they can cause miscarriage, whereas some women think that doing simple day-to-day activities can cause loss of pregnancy. Here, in this article we try to explain various scientific reasons for miscarriage and the best ways of avoiding it.
The formation and growth of a baby inside the womb is a convoluted process involving many intricate steps. At any phase during this procedure, there are lots of things that can cause miscarriage. Certain factors can be corrected with lifestyle changes whilst others need medical intrusion. Here are ten general causes of miscarriage at the early stage of pregnancy.
1. Abnormality of the Chromosome or Genetics
Genetic material well-known as ‘gene’ will be packed inside the chromosome, which is responsible for baby’s growth and development. In a few cases, some abnormalities in the gene or in the chromosome itself can source to a miscarriage, specifically during the first trimester. This is the mechanism of the nature to abort the foetus, which does not have necessary possibilities to grow and thrive even after the birth. These abnormalities may give rise to many syndromes like Turner’s syndrome, Down’s syndrome, Cystic fibrosis, which typically results in early loss of pregnancy.
2. Hormonal Imbalance
If women are not capable of producing enough progesterone, the implantation of the fertilized egg will be affected. If there is no proper implantation, it will be difficult for the zygote to hold on and grow in the uterus. Specific conditions like hypothyroidism and diabetes also increases the levels of critical pregnancy hormones.
Heavy weight or Obesity can also influence fewer chances of conception and proper implantation. Based on the research, women suffering from obesity will have a high probability of having hormonal imbalances and contradictions with reproductive system.
4. Uterine Abnormalities
Genetic abnormalities like septum formation and non-genetic abnormalities like fibroids and cervical inconsistency are generally the common things that can source miscarriage in most of the women. These abnormalities also interfere with the process of conceiving itself. Medical or Surgical correction of these abnormalities can be done to stay away from future miscarriages.
5. Uterine Infections
Uterine infections like rubella, mycoplasma, measles, mumps, listeria, gonorrhoea, Chlamydia, parvovirus, etc., might affect the endometrial wall of the uterus. Ladies who have undergone many gynaecological procedures will have a bigger chance of getting such bacterial and viral infections. Yet, infections in the uterus or cervix are noticed as a rare cause of miscarriage.
6. Toxin-induced Miscarriage
Ladies, who smoke, consume alcohol or drugs will be at a high risk of miscarriage owing to the impact of toxins present in them. Fortuitous exposure to chemicals like Bisphenol A (BPA) is very harmful to the foetus.
7. Congenital Malformations
Deficiencyof vitamin B12, folate and other nutrients, pregnancy after thirty-five years of age, obesity can increase the chances of congenital malformations in foetus. Such malformations, which occur as part of various syndromes can source in early abortion.
8. Immune Disorders
Specific auto-immune disorders can cause recurrent loss of pregnancies. Women who are suffering with autoimmune disease, especially lupus, will produce certain amount of antibodies opposing their own body tissues. These antibodies will increase the odds of pregnancy morbidity because of severe preeclampsia or placental insufficiency. Prior detection of the immune disorders and proper treatment with medicines like aspirin and heparin can increase the scope of having a healthy pregnancy.
9. Disorders of Blood Clotting
Not in all cases, but women who suffer from rare genetic disorders will have a high risk of blood clotting issues. Clinically, it is known as thrombophilia and ladies who have this disorder will have a high risk of miscarriage. The increased risk of blood clotting hinders the proper implantation of the fertilized embryo and even affects the growth of the baby if it handles to hold on to the uterus wall.
10. Gestational Diabetes
Gestational diabetes is a high risk factor for pregnancy and on time treatment is very important for both mother and baby. Usually, Diabetes increases the odds of foetal malformations and can appropriately lead to miscarriage in the early trimester.
Hereditary factors, lifestyle and even environment play a vital role in having a healthy pregnancy and baby. In certain cases, undergoing medical conditions can even source an early abortion. The chances of a miscarriage lessen significantly as the pregnancy phase progresses and a common awareness on the risk factors can assist you in preventing the miscarriage.